守护进程的初始化,准备创建 worker 进程

2015-01-05 20:49:19   最后更新: 2015-01-08 16:59:18   访问数量:847




// 创建PID文件,写入当前 pid if (ngx_create_pidfile(&ccf->pid, cycle->log) != NGX_OK) { return 1; } // 确认 cycle->log 是否可用 if (ngx_log_redirect_stderr(cycle) != NGX_OK) { return 1; } if (log->file->fd != ngx_stderr) { if (ngx_close_file(log->file->fd) == NGX_FILE_ERROR) { ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, cycle->log, ngx_errno, ngx_close_file_n " built-in log failed"); } }

 

经过上述两个过程 -- 创建PID文件并写入PID、确认 cycle->log 可用,之后即可进入到 worker 进程的创建工作了

这里我们先介绍 ngx_master_process_cycle 这个函数,即在多进程环境下运行的情况,如果在配置文件中更改配置为单进程模式,则此处将执行 ngx_single_process_cycle 函数

// void ngx_master_process_cycle(ngx_cycle_t *cycle) // master 进程核心工作 {{{ void ngx_master_process_cycle(ngx_cycle_t *cycle) { char *title; u_char *p; size_t size; ngx_int_t i; ngx_uint_t n, sigio; sigset_t set; struct itimerval itv; ngx_uint_t live; ngx_msec_t delay; ngx_listening_t *ls; ngx_core_conf_t *ccf; // 屏蔽某些信号 sigemptyset(&set); sigaddset(&set, SIGCHLD); sigaddset(&set, SIGALRM); sigaddset(&set, SIGIO); sigaddset(&set, SIGINT); sigaddset(&set, ngx_signal_value(NGX_RECONFIGURE_SIGNAL)); sigaddset(&set, ngx_signal_value(NGX_REOPEN_SIGNAL)); sigaddset(&set, ngx_signal_value(NGX_NOACCEPT_SIGNAL)); sigaddset(&set, ngx_signal_value(NGX_TERMINATE_SIGNAL)); sigaddset(&set, ngx_signal_value(NGX_SHUTDOWN_SIGNAL)); sigaddset(&set, ngx_signal_value(NGX_CHANGEBIN_SIGNAL)); if (sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &set, NULL) == -1) { ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, cycle->log, ngx_errno, "sigprocmask() failed"); } sigemptyset(&set); size = sizeof(master_process); for (i = 0; i < ngx_argc; i++) { size += ngx_strlen(ngx_argv[i]) + 1; } title = ngx_pnalloc(cycle->pool, size); if (title == NULL) { /* fatal */ exit(2); } p = ngx_cpymem(title, master_process, sizeof(master_process) - 1); for (i = 0; i < ngx_argc; i++) { *p++ = ' '; p = ngx_cpystrn(p, (u_char *) ngx_argv[i], size); } // 设置进程名 // nginx: master process /home/zeyu/Workspace/nginx-1.7.7/objs/nginx ngx_setproctitle(title); ccf = (ngx_core_conf_t *) ngx_get_conf(cycle->conf_ctx, ngx_core_module); ngx_start_worker_processes(cycle, ccf->worker_processes, NGX_PROCESS_RESPAWN); ngx_start_cache_manager_processes(cycle, 0); ngx_new_binary = 0; delay = 0; sigio = 0; live = 1; for ( ;; ) { if (delay) { if (ngx_sigalrm) { sigio = 0; delay *= 2; ngx_sigalrm = 0; } ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_EVENT, cycle->log, 0, "termination cycle: %d", delay); itv.it_interval.tv_sec = 0; itv.it_interval.tv_usec = 0; itv.it_value.tv_sec = delay / 1000; itv.it_value.tv_usec = (delay % 1000 ) * 1000; if (setitimer(ITIMER_REAL, &itv, NULL) == -1) { ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, cycle->log, ngx_errno, "setitimer() failed"); } } ngx_log_debug0(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_EVENT, cycle->log, 0, "sigsuspend"); sigsuspend(&set); ngx_time_update(); ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_EVENT, cycle->log, 0, "wake up, sigio %i", sigio); if (ngx_reap) { ngx_reap = 0; ngx_log_debug0(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_EVENT, cycle->log, 0, "reap children"); live = ngx_reap_children(cycle); } if (!live && (ngx_terminate || ngx_quit)) { ngx_master_process_exit(cycle); } if (ngx_terminate) { if (delay == 0) { delay = 50; } if (sigio) { sigio--; continue; } sigio = ccf->worker_processes + 2 /* cache processes */; if (delay > 1000) { ngx_signal_worker_processes(cycle, SIGKILL); } else { ngx_signal_worker_processes(cycle, ngx_signal_value(NGX_TERMINATE_SIGNAL)); } continue; } if (ngx_quit) { ngx_signal_worker_processes(cycle, ngx_signal_value(NGX_SHUTDOWN_SIGNAL)); ls = cycle->listening.elts; for (n = 0; n < cycle->listening.nelts; n++) { if (ngx_close_socket(ls[n].fd) == -1) { ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_EMERG, cycle->log, ngx_socket_errno, ngx_close_socket_n " %V failed", &ls[n].addr_text); } } cycle->listening.nelts = 0; continue; } if (ngx_reconfigure) { ngx_reconfigure = 0; if (ngx_new_binary) { ngx_start_worker_processes(cycle, ccf->worker_processes, NGX_PROCESS_RESPAWN); ngx_start_cache_manager_processes(cycle, 0); ngx_noaccepting = 0; continue; } ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_NOTICE, cycle->log, 0, "reconfiguring"); cycle = ngx_init_cycle(cycle); if (cycle == NULL) { cycle = (ngx_cycle_t *) ngx_cycle; continue; } ngx_cycle = cycle; ccf = (ngx_core_conf_t *) ngx_get_conf(cycle->conf_ctx, ngx_core_module); ngx_start_worker_processes(cycle, ccf->worker_processes, NGX_PROCESS_JUST_RESPAWN); ngx_start_cache_manager_processes(cycle, 1); /* allow new processes to start */ ngx_msleep(100); live = 1; ngx_signal_worker_processes(cycle, ngx_signal_value(NGX_SHUTDOWN_SIGNAL)); } if (ngx_restart) { ngx_restart = 0; ngx_start_worker_processes(cycle, ccf->worker_processes, NGX_PROCESS_RESPAWN); ngx_start_cache_manager_processes(cycle, 0); live = 1; } if (ngx_reopen) { ngx_reopen = 0; ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_NOTICE, cycle->log, 0, "reopening logs"); ngx_reopen_files(cycle, ccf->user); ngx_signal_worker_processes(cycle, ngx_signal_value(NGX_REOPEN_SIGNAL)); } if (ngx_change_binary) { ngx_change_binary = 0; ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_NOTICE, cycle->log, 0, "changing binary"); ngx_new_binary = ngx_exec_new_binary(cycle, ngx_argv); } if (ngx_noaccept) { ngx_noaccept = 0; ngx_noaccepting = 1; ngx_signal_worker_processes(cycle, ngx_signal_value(NGX_SHUTDOWN_SIGNAL)); } } } // }}}

 

主要执行了以下工作:

为了保证 daemon 进程的持续执行,一些信号是必须屏蔽的,以防止进程被意外中断,或收到发送给 worker 进程的信号

// 屏蔽某些信号 sigemptyset(&set); sigaddset(&set, SIGCHLD); sigaddset(&set, SIGALRM); sigaddset(&set, SIGIO); sigaddset(&set, SIGINT); sigaddset(&set, ngx_signal_value(NGX_RECONFIGURE_SIGNAL)); sigaddset(&set, ngx_signal_value(NGX_REOPEN_SIGNAL)); sigaddset(&set, ngx_signal_value(NGX_NOACCEPT_SIGNAL)); sigaddset(&set, ngx_signal_value(NGX_TERMINATE_SIGNAL)); sigaddset(&set, ngx_signal_value(NGX_SHUTDOWN_SIGNAL)); sigaddset(&set, ngx_signal_value(NGX_CHANGEBIN_SIGNAL)); if (sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &set, NULL) == -1) { ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_ALERT, cycle->log, ngx_errno, "sigprocmask() failed"); } sigemptyset(&set);

 

  • 一些信号宏的定义

为了增加可移植性和代码的可读性,一些信号使用了宏来定义:

#define NGX_SHUTDOWN_SIGNAL QUIT #define NGX_TERMINATE_SIGNAL TERM #define NGX_NOACCEPT_SIGNAL WINCH #define NGX_RECONFIGURE_SIGNAL HUP #if (NGX_LINUXTHREADS) #define NGX_REOPEN_SIGNAL INFO #define NGX_CHANGEBIN_SIGNAL XCPU #else #define NGX_REOPEN_SIGNAL USR1 #define NGX_CHANGEBIN_SIGNAL USR2 #endif

 

size = sizeof(master_process); for (i = 0; i < ngx_argc; i++) { size += ngx_strlen(ngx_argv[i]) + 1; } title = ngx_pnalloc(cycle->pool, size); if (title == NULL) { /* fatal */ exit(2); } p = ngx_cpymem(title, master_process, sizeof(master_process) - 1); for (i = 0; i < ngx_argc; i++) { *p++ = ' '; p = ngx_cpystrn(p, (u_char *) ngx_argv[i], size); } // 设置进程名 // nginx: master process /home/zeyu/Workspace/nginx-1.7.7/objs/nginx ngx_setproctitle(title);

 

这个函数执行后,进程名中会带有所有的调用参数和执行文件的完整路径,如下:

nginx: master process /home/zeyu/Workspace/nginx-1.7.7/objs/nginx

// void ngx_setproctitle(char *title) // 设置进程名 {{{ void ngx_setproctitle(char *title) { u_char *p; #if (NGX_SOLARIS) ngx_int_t i; size_t size; #endif ngx_os_argv[1] = NULL; p = ngx_cpystrn((u_char *) ngx_os_argv[0], (u_char *) "nginx: ", ngx_os_argv_last - ngx_os_argv[0]); p = ngx_cpystrn(p, (u_char *) title, ngx_os_argv_last - (char *) p); #if (NGX_SOLARIS) size = 0; for (i = 0; i < ngx_argc; i++) { size += ngx_strlen(ngx_argv[i]) + 1; } if (size > (size_t) ((char *) p - ngx_os_argv[0])) { /* * ngx_setproctitle() is too rare operation so we use * the non-optimized copies */ p = ngx_cpystrn(p, (u_char *) " (", ngx_os_argv_last - (char *) p); for (i = 0; i < ngx_argc; i++) { p = ngx_cpystrn(p, (u_char *) ngx_argv[i], ngx_os_argv_last - (char *) p); p = ngx_cpystrn(p, (u_char *) " ", ngx_os_argv_last - (char *) p); } if (*(p - 1) == ' ') { *(p - 1) = ')'; } } #endif if (ngx_os_argv_last - (char *) p) { ngx_memset(p, NGX_SETPROCTITLE_PAD, ngx_os_argv_last - (char *) p); } ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_CORE, ngx_cycle->log, 0, "setproctitle: \"%s\"", ngx_os_argv[0]); } // }}}

 

该段程序将需要设置的进程名复制到 argv[0],即可完成进程名的更改

ccf = (ngx_core_conf_t *) ngx_get_conf(cycle->conf_ctx, ngx_core_module); // 启动 worker ngx_start_worker_processes(cycle, ccf->worker_processes, NGX_PROCESS_RESPAWN);

 

daemon 进程调用 ngx_start_worker_processes 创建了 worker 进程

// static void ngx_start_worker_processes(ngx_cycle_t *cycle, ngx_int_t n, ngx_int_t type) // 启动 worker 进程 {{{ static void ngx_start_worker_processes(ngx_cycle_t *cycle, ngx_int_t n, ngx_int_t type) { ngx_int_t i; ngx_channel_t ch; ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_NOTICE, cycle->log, 0, "start worker processes"); ngx_memzero(&ch, sizeof(ngx_channel_t)); ch.command = NGX_CMD_OPEN_CHANNEL; for (i = 0; i < n; i++) { ngx_spawn_process(cycle, ngx_worker_process_cycle, (void *) (intptr_t) i, "worker process", type); ch.pid = ngx_processes[ngx_process_slot].pid; ch.slot = ngx_process_slot; ch.fd = ngx_processes[ngx_process_slot].channel[0]; ngx_pass_open_channel(cycle, &ch); } } // }}}

 

在该函数中,循环调用 ngx_spawn_process 函数创建了每一个 worker 进程

ngx_start_cache_manager_processes 这个函数与 ngx_start_worker_processes 非常相似,为文件创建缓存管理进程

nginx 的缓存实现较为简单,全部都是使用文件来对后端的response进行cache,因此nginx相比varnish以及squid之类的专门做cache的server,可能效果不会那么好

具体的 nginx 缓存机制,我们后面再来讨论

 






技术帖      龙潭书斋      fork      nginx      worker      daemon      守护进程      chanel      ngx_chanel_t     


京ICP备15018585号